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Sheet Metal Ductwork Installation: Most Common Car Park Ventilation Designs You Must Know About

21 February 2023

Enclosed or underground car parks allow cars and other vehicles to be left temporarily. These spaces are often integrated into residential, commercial, and industrial buildings, making them beneficial to people residing or working on these properties.

The design of car parks may vary based on the preferences of the building owners. But one thing that should always be present in these enclosed or underground spaces is ventilation. Ventilation is highly important in car parks as it allows car fumes and other harmful elements from leaving these areas. It likewise ensures that heat will not accumulate in the spaces, preventing accidents and damages that can injure people or damage properties.

Car Park Ventilation Key Conditions

Cars and vehicles can emit a wide array of toxic elements into the surroundings. Without ventilation inside an enclosed or underground car park, these elements may circulate continuously, which can affect the overall air quality of the place. It can then affect the health of people who will be entering the car park.

To date, two conditions must be met in designing a car park’s ventilation. One of these things is the operation of the ventilation system. The car park ventilation should be able to operate all the time unless its operations are controlled by an automated monitoring system. Another condition has to do with its air change frequency. Ideally, the ventilation system in a car park should carry out at least one air change every 1 day.

Major Car Park Ventilation Designs

Before installing a ventilation system, contractors must assess the actual design and layout of the car park first. Some elements they must consider are natural air paths, ceiling features, vertical clearance, obstructions, and existing services in the area.

Upon knowing these elements, contractors can now determine the best ventilation system for a given car park. Three common ventilation system designs that car parks can maximise are natural ventilation, mechanical ventilation, and carbon monoxide monitoring systems.

• Natural Ventilation System: The natural ventilation system is often the preferred ventilation method for any car park as it allows fumes and other elements to be released freely into the air. However, this ventilation design is ineffective in enclosed and underground car parks.

• Mechanical Ventilation System: The mechanical ventilation system is a ventilation option that can benefit enclosed and underground car parks. This system takes advantage of powered fans, ductwork, and other elements to regulate the build-up of toxic elements in the car park. Ductwork, which is often comprised of large metal ducts, can transport fumes and other elements outdoors. It can, however, be damaged by vehicles if they are not made from durable materials and are not positioned well.

• Carbon Monoxide Monitoring System: The carbon monoxide monitoring system is a great option for property owners who want to consume a lot of energy. This system works by detecting the level of carbon monoxide in the area through various sensors. The ventilation rates and fan speed are then determined by the data gathered by the sensors, making this system cost-effective and energy efficient.

Car park ventilation systems can work well if they are made from reliable components. If you want to add sheet metal ductwork to your car park, you can contact us at Redrock Contracting.

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